- World Anti-Doping Code
- Prohibited List
- Therapeutic Use Exemptions
- Registered Testing Pool
- Testing and Results Management
- Sanctioning
‚Äč- Frequently asked questions on Prohibited Substances and TUEs
- The IPOD
- The ISSF Anti-Doping Rules


The International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) is a signatory to the Code and follows the Code's mandate in all areas of its anti-doping program.


The ISSF follows the Prohibited List as a signatory to the Code. The List was first published in 1963 under the leadership of the International Olympic Committee. Since 2004, as mandated by the Code, the World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) is responsible for the preparation and publication of the List.

The Prohibited List is a cornerstone of the Code and a key component of world-wide harmonisation of anti-doping regulations and initiatives. It is an International Standard identifying Substances and Methods prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition, and in particular sports.

The Prohibited List is revised every year by WADA. The revised version comes into effect on January 1st of every calendar year. For a link to the current Prohibited List please see the Prohibited List section in our drop-down menu.

The ISSF reminds all national level and international-level shooters and shooter support personnel that the use beta blockers is prohibited and forbidden in shooting sport both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition.


Athletes may have illnesses or conditions that require them to take particular medications. If the medication an athlete is required to take to treat an illness or condition happens to fall under the Prohibited List, a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) may give that athlete the authorization to take the needed medicine.


The ISSF has its own TUE Committee that considers all submitted TUE applications and that grants or denies TUEs to international-level athletes in shooting sport. All athletes intending to compete at the international-level must apply for and obtain a TUE from ISSF. The application must always be submitted at least 30 days before competing.


The criteria for granting a TUE are:

a. The Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method in question is needed to treat an acute or chronic medical condition, such that the athlete would experience a significant impairment to health if the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method were to be withheld.


b. The therapeutic use of the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is highly unlikely to produce any additional enhancement of performance beyond what might be anticipated by a return to the Athlete’s normal state of health following the treatment of the acute or chronic medical condition.

c. There is no reasonable therapeutic alternative to the Use of the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

d. The necessity for the use of the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is not a consequence, wholly or in part, of the prior use (without a TUE) of a substance or method which was prohibited at the time of such use.

Any national-level shooter holding a national-level TUE must inform ISSF of the TUE and request ISSF recognition of the TUE prior to competing in any international competition, failing which the national level TUE will be deemed to be non-valid at the international level. Should the ISSF TUEC decide to not recognize the national-TUE it will also be invalid for international competition.


Please see article 4.4 of the ISSF Anti-Doping Rules which deals with Therapeutic Use Exemptions.




The term Registered Testing Pool refers to the pool of top level shooters established by the ISSF and/or a relevant National Anti-Doping Organization who are subject to both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition testing as part of the ISSF or a National-Anti-Doping Organization's test distribution plan.

The ISSF’s Registered Testing Pool consists of the top five ten men and women in every category. The shooters who are in the ISSF Registered Testing Pool must provide their whereabouts on a quarterly basis, including all training camps and schedules. They must also provide a 60 minute time slot for which they can be available for testing every day of the year. Any failure to submit timely and accurate whereabouts information, or any failure to be present at the location and time indicated on the whereabouts information submitted, can result in sanctions.


The ISSF RTP will be reset and updated at each quarter and shooters are required to verify if they are included in the ISSF RTP for the current quarter.

Please be advised that all shooters who compete in ISSF events and who hold an ISSF ID are equally subject to both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition testing on a year-round basis.


In-Competition Testing in shooting sport is testing that is conducted in connection with any ISSF sanctioned event.

Out-of-Competition testing can occur at any time of the year (excluding the In-Competition Testing periods) and at any location, such as an athlete's home, place of training, or even while they are abroad for personal or training reasons. Out-of-Competition testing takes place with no advance notice to the athlete.


The ISSF works closely together with WADA and the National Anti-Doping Agencies in planning and conducting Out-Of-Competition Testing on shooters worldwide.


Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF)

Further to testing, the term Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) refers to a report from a WADA accredited laboratory that indicates that the collected sample yielded the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its metabolites or markers (including elevated quantities of endogenous substances) or evidence of the use of a Prohibited Method.

The term Adverse Analytical Finding does not necessarily imply that an anti-doping rule violation (ADRV) has occurred as the athlete may have a TUE or may have elevated endogenous substances which are normal for his or her own system and do not necessarily reflect a positive doping infraction.

An AAF only becomes an asserted ADRV after a thorough investigation following due process, including a preliminary review and a formal enquiry, is completed.


Further to an ADRV being asserted a hearing shall take place and a decision shall be taken by the ISSF Executive Committee as to whether or not an ADRV has truly occurred and what the appropriate sanction should be under all the circumstances of the case.

Please see Article 5 of the ISSF Anti-Doping Rules which deals with Testing and Article 7 and 8 of the ISSF Anti-Doping Rules which deals with Results Management and Hearings.


The ISSF follows the Code and the ISSF Anti-Doping Rules when deciding on a sanction for shooters that have committed an anti-doping rule violation.


Please see Article 10 of the ISSF Anti-Doping Rules which deals with sanctions.

All sanctions imposed by the ISSF Executive Committee against shooters who have committed ADRVs will be posted on this website as they are decided.


What can I take if I have a cold or the flu?


If an athlete has a cold, flu, or hay fever there are a number of permitted medications. Ensure medications do not contain other prohibited stimulants by checking various Online Drug References.  Antihistamines are, in general, permitted as are cough medications and some decongestants purchased over-the-counter.


What if I need to take something for minor pain?


Slight to moderate pain can be effectively treated using non-narcotic drugs. Some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g., Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Aleve, and Celebrex) are permitted. They have anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain-killing) actions. But be reminded that you must still declare any medication you have taken on your Doping Control Form in the event of a test.

Can I use medication that has been prescribed by a doctor?

Some medications prescribed by physicians for treatment of legitimate medical conditions or injuries may be prohibited. A prohibited substance is still prohibited, even if prescribed by a doctor. If this substance is found in a Shooter’s sample, it does not matter if the doctor prescribed it, the Shooter will be responsible.


Shooters are advised to promptly apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption before using any medication prescribed by their doctor.


ISSF does not prohibit treatment by a physician; ISSF prohibits the use of certain substances that may be provided to you by your physician in the course of treatment without the granting of a TUE. ISSF follows the information on the status of medication only as provided by the World Anti-Doping Agency and according to the rules governing competition in sport.


  • Always ask about the substance that is given to you, always apply for a TUE before its use and do not take it if there is any doubt as to whether or not it may be prohibited.

What should I do if a prohibited medication is needed?


Alternative medications that are not prohibited may be available and can be used for treatment in lieu of prohibited substances. Ask your physician about these alternatives.


There may be cases where the medication is essential and no permitted alternatives exist. In those circumstances a TUE may be requested from the ISSF if you are an international-level athlete or to your National Anti-Doping Organization if you are a national-level athlete. Submission of a TUE application does not mean automatic approval of a TUE. You should always submit an application for a TUE no less than 30 days in advance of a competition.


Also, in order to encourage an aging population of shooters to continue participating in shooting-sport events, in those limited instances where a shooter is 40 years of age or older and requires the use of beta blockers to treat a valid and well documented medical condition but still wishes to compete in some regional shooting events, so long as the shooter is neither  a nationally ranked nor an international-level athlete, and where national regulations and the ISTUE allow for such exemptions, a National Anti-Doping Organization may elect to grant the Shooter a national level TUE or a retroactive national-level TUE if the circumstances so warrant it.


Do herbal remedies contain prohibited substances?


Herbal remedies have been found to contain prohibited stimulants or other substances which may not be listed on the label. These products vary greatly and a guarantee cannot be given as to their safety or acceptability in sport. As a general rule, you are best to avoid taking herbal remedies unless you are sure that they contain no prohibited substances.


How can I know which medications can be taken?


Consult the WADA Prohibited List. Ask questions. Contact your National Anti-Doping Organization. Do on-line searches. Use any means available to you to find out if the medication or supplement you wish to take is safe to use.


Do not take any unknown substances (e.g., from a friend or acquaintance who offers something to help) and never take a family member's prescription. The use of foreign medications is strongly discouraged.


  • Bottom line: if you are not sure, do not use it.

ISSF Information Portal on Doping - IPOD

ISSF will also continue to disseminate educational materials via our member federations, through our Information Portal On Doping (IPOD) articles in the ISSF News publication and at some of our International Events by means of the Athlete Outreach Booth. We trust these tools will continue to educate all our Shooters and their support teams on the ISSF anti-doping program, the results management and sanctioning processes and the various negative implications of using performance enhancing drugs.

ISSF Anti-Doping Rules

In accordance with ISSF’s ongoing obligations under the Code, the ISSF Anti-Doping Rules and anti-doping program have been regularly modified and enhanced to remain in full compliance with the Code.