International Shooting Sport Federation


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Doping Control Procedures

Doping Control Procedures

The International Shooting-Sport Federation is committed to promoting doping-free sport and is responsible for implementing the ISSF Anti-Doping Program as well as overseeing all member federations’ anti-doping programs. The ISSF Anti-Doping program is governed by the ISSF Anti-Doping Rules and is compliant with the World Anti-Doping Program including the World Anti-Doping Code and related International Standards.

This guide summarizes doping control procedures you can expect whether the doping control is conducted by or on behalf of the ISSF, by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), by any given National Anti-Doping Organization (NADO), by any qualified doping control service provider or by any international sport organization (such as an or the International Olympic Committee).

While this guide speaks directly to athletes, because the fundamental purpose of doping control is to protect athletes’ rights to doping-free sport, coaches, team physicians, officials and other athlete support personnel must also be knowledgeable and understand doping control procedures.

The following are the steps involved in all doping control procedures:

1. Athlete Selection

You may be selected for doping control at competitions, training camps, at your home or at any other location throughout the year with little or no notice. Typically, you are selected for in-competition testing as a result of your finishing position or by a random selection method. During out-of-competition testing, you are usually selected based on a random or targeted selection method.

2. Athlete Notification

Typically, you are notified for doping control in person. In circumstances where you are not at the location indicated in your whereabouts information at the expected time, you may be contacted and notified by telephone. The Doping Control Officer (DCO) or Doping Control Chaperone will inform you of your selection for doping control and your requirement to provide a urine sample. You will also be informed of your rights and responsibilities regarding doping control, including the right to have a representative present and the responsibility to remain within sight of the designated Chaperone or DCO at all times until the completion of the sample collection process. The DCO or Chaperone will ask you if you understand your rights and responsibilities and to sign the Athlete Selection Order.

3. Collection Vessel Selection

When you are ready to provide a urine sample, you will select an individually sealed collection vessel. You are responsible for retaining control of your collection vessel at all times until your sample is sealed.

4. Provision of Urine Sample

You will provide a urine sample of approximately 100 ml in the presence of a Chaperone who is the same gender as yourself. In order to provide the Chaperone with an unobstructed view of the passing of the sample, you will be required to disrobe from above the waist to mid-thigh.

5. Pre-packaged Kit Selection

The DCO will ask you to select a pre-packaged kit which will be used to contain, identify and secure your urine sample. You will be provided with a selection of prepackaged kits from which you may choose. If you (or your representative) and the DCO are not satisfied with the pre-packaged kit, you will be provided with the opportunity to select another kit.

6. Recording of the Sample Code Number

Once you (and your representative) are satisfied with the prepackaged kit, you will open it and remove all contents from the styrofoam box. You (and your representative) will be asked to verify that the sample code numbers on the secure bottles, their respective lids and on the styrofoam box are consistent. The DCO will also check the sample code numbers to ensure consistency. The DCO will record the sample code number on the Doping Control Form.

7. Urine Sample Division and Packaging

You will pour at least the prescribed minimum volumes of urine into the “A” and “B” bottles, and seal the bottles by tightening the lids as directed by the DCO. You will then invert the bottles to ensure that there is no leakage. Your representative should also confirm proper sealing of your sample.

8. Verification of pH and Specific Gravity

The DCO will measure your sample’s pH and specific gravity. If the pH and/or specific gravity measurements are outside the specified ranges required by the laboratory, you will be required to provide an additional sample.

9. Recording of Substances Taken

The DCO will ask you to voluntarily declare any prescription / nonprescription medications, nutritional supplements and any other substances that you have taken within the past ten (10) days.  This information is recorded on the Doping Control Form and will be used by the laboratory for analytical purposes.

10. Verification of the Doping Control Form

In completing the Doping Control Form, you (and your representative) must review the form and ensure that the recorded information is accurate and complete. You will then be asked to sign the Doping Control Form declaring that you are satisfied with the manner in which the procedures were carried out. If you are not satisfied with the doping control procedures used for the sample collection, you may provide your comments on the Doping Control Form.

11. Completion of the Testing Process

You will receive a copy of the Athlete Selection Order and Doping Control Form for your records. You should retain these copies for a minimum of six (6) weeks in the event of an adverse analytical finding.

Next Steps

Your sample will be packed and sealed into a secure transport bag and transported by secure chain of custody to a WADA accredited laboratory. Upon delivery, the laboratory will verify that your sample has not been tampered with and that the contents match the enclosed documentation. Your “A” sample will be analyzed and your “B” sample will be securely stored. Should your sample produce an adverse analytical finding, typically you will be notified within three (3) to four (4) weeks from when your sample was provided.